Biosphere reserves

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The MAB Programme (Man and the Biosphere) was launched by UNESCO in the 70s in order to improve the relationship between man and environment and reduce biodiversity loss through research and capacity-building. The program has led to the recognition by UNESCO of the biosphere reservee, marine and / or terrestrial areas that Member States are committed to managing in the perspective of resource conservation and sustainable development, with full involvement of communities locals. The aim of of the Reserves is to promote and demonstrate a balanced relationship between human communities and ecosystems, creating privileged sites for research, training and environmental education, as well as clusters of targeted development policies experimentation and territorial planning. Worldwide there are currently 651 biosphere reserves in 120 countries, including 13 in Italy:

1 Valle del Ticino(Lombardia/Piemonte) 2002

2 Monviso(Piemonte) 2013

3 Miramare(Friuli Venezia Giulia) 1979

4 Selva Pisana(Toscana) 2004

5 Arcipelago Toscano(Toscana) 2003

6 Circeo(Lazio) 1977

7 Collemeluccio-Montedimezzo(Molise) 1977

8 Cilento e Vallo di Diano(Campania) 1997

9 Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio d\’Oro(Campania) 1997

10 Parco Nazionale della Sila(Calabria) 2014

11 Parco del delta del Po(Emilia Romagna – Veneto) 2015

12 Appennino Tosco-Emiliano(Toscana – Emilia) 2015

13 Alpi Ledrensi e Judicaria(Trentino-Alto Adige) 2015

UNESCO has promoted the creation of a World Network of Biosphere Reserves to internationally promote the exchange of studies, research, monitoring tools, educational programs, training and participatory made within the same reserves.